James D. O’Leary, MD, Magdalena Janus, PhD; Eric Duku, PhD; et al published an article in JAMA of January 2019
To examine the association between surgical procedures that require general anesthesia before primary school entry and child development in biological siblings.
Conclusions and Relevance:
In this provincial cohort study, children who had surgical procedures that require general anesthesia before primary school entry were not found to be at increased risk of adverse child development outcomes compared with their biological siblings who did not have surgery. These findings further support that anesthesia exposure in early childhood is not associated with detectable adverse child development outcomes.